Welcome to my blog on Quality, elearning, OER, OEP, OEC, and user generated content (UGC)

The posts in my blog will be both in English and Swedish.
Blogposterna kommer att vara både på svenska och engelska.

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Practical example to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute Creative Commons resources #OCL4Ed

The task for e-tivity 4.1 at the course #OCL4Ed is to write a Blog post of 700 - 900 words based on practical example to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute Creative Commons (CC) resources plus reflection on the exercise. In this Blog post I will like to:
  • Reflect on how creativity builds on  the past
  • Discover how CC uses copyright law to provide permission to copy, distribute, modify and share creative works
  • Study the components of the six CC licences
  • Identify the three layers of a CC licence, namely the legal code, the licence deed and the machine readable code
  • Study the legal compatibility among different licence types when remixing materials
For my own preparing of material, writing etc, I always look if something similar already exists. It is important to remember that Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright and enable you to modify your copyright terms to best suit your needs. The crucial is that with CC one can build forward on others work, and don´t have to reinvent the wheel oneself all the time. This was also the meaning with copyright from its very beginning, to give acknowledge to the originator/s. The great issue with CC is that the originator clearly and conciously decides her/hiselves, that allows the others as well to also decide tehmseles, and to always acknowledge the creator.

In my experiences I dons see that much unfortunatly on revising, remixing and distributions of others material. True OER users mean for example tht real OERs are just materials with CC BY and CC BY SA.  Most often however, I see materials with the so called strongest CC licence. I would have love to see more materials available with possibilities to really reuse and remix so one can bild further on on ideas etc. Then it automatically will be quality reviewed as well, with so called peer review. That’s whay I very much appreciate the project on Open Edcuational Ideas. 
As it is said in the introduction webpage of this project: ...the main purpose of licensing educational material under open licences is to allow for anyone to use, re-use or re-purpose them. However, despite a strong movement in recent years to publish such material, OER reuse is still not a common practice in Higher Education, schools and enterprises. The project intend to tackle these issues by enabling Open Education at an early stage: instead of sharing complete OER or Open Educational Practices (OEP), the aim is to share ideas in the early design process. Probably, through, this this process a fundamentally different uptake of OER can be possible by creating Emotional Ownership of OER from teh very start.

The three layers of a CC licence, namely the legal code, the licence deed and the machine readable code
The public copyright licenses incorporate a unique and innovative “three-layer” design. Each license begins as a traditional legal tool, in the kind of language and text formats that most lawyers know and love. This is  call this the Legal Code layer of each license.
But since most creators, educators, and scientists are not in fact lawyers, the licenses are available in a format that normal people can read — the Commons Deed (also known as the “human readable” version of the license). The Commons Deed is a handy reference for licensors and licensees, summarizing and expressing some of the most important terms and conditions. Think of the Commons Deed as a user-friendly interface to the Legal Code beneath, although the Deed itself is not a license, and its contents are not part of the Legal Code itself.
The final layer of the license design recognizes that software, from search engines to office productivity to music editing, plays an enormous role in the creation, copying, discovery, and distribution of works. In order to make it easy for the Web to know when a work is available under a Creative Commons license, a “machine readable” version of the license  is provided— a summary of the key freedoms and obligations written into a format  those software systems, search engines, and other kinds of technology can understand. We developed A standardized way to describe licenses that software can understand is developed and which is called CC Rights Expression Language (CC REL) to accomplish this.

Searching for open content is an important function enabled by this approach. One can use Google to search for Creative Commons content, look for pictures at Flickr, albums at Jamendo, and general media at spinxpress. The Wikimedia Commons, the multimedia repository of Wikipedia, is a core user of our licenses as well.

Taken together, these three layers of licenses ensure that the spectrum of rights isn’t just a legal concept. It’s something that the creators of works can understand, their users can understand, and even the Web itself can understand.

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